Monday, 24 October 2016

Ionia: coins from the Hecatomnus Hoard

This hoard of mainly Carian territory coins of Hecatomnus were found at Soke in Turkey in 1977, and smugged out by February 1978 (the smuggler subsequently confessed).

Turkey would like them back.


The hoard was helpfully partially published as: The Hecatomnus Hoard (CH 5. 17, 8. 96, 9. 387) available online here: https://www.academia.edu/285317/The_Hecatomnus_Hoard_CH_5._17_8._96_9._387_ (with additional coins from this Hoard in CH 9).



 Please note that not all the coins are of Hecatomnus, and the hoard contains a wide variety of mints:



Several of these coins have been on the art market:

eg last month (unsold) here: http://www.coinarchives.com/a/lotviewer.php?LotID=927969&AucID=1771&Lot=314&Val=c77c86ca9582f22d509c7bc277c5b742 (also here: https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=3349669)


"Satraps of Karia, Hekatomnos AR Tetradrachm. Mylasa, circa 380 BC. Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys in right hand, left hand on staff set on ground to right / Lion at bay right; [EKAT]O[MNΩ] above; all within incuse square. Hecatomnus 16 (A3/P8) = Sunrise 76 (this coin); Konuk, Identities 15; Karl 3; Traité II 82. 14.78g, 24mm, 8h.

About Extremely Fine. An exceptional example of this type, of which this is the finest example offered at auction in the past fifteen years. Rare.

Ex Christie's New York, 2 May 1989, lot 702;
Ex Kovacs XI, 21 November 1988, lot 102;
Ex Empire Coins FPL 42 (undated), no. 27;
Ex Sternberg VIII, 16 November 1978, lot 126;
From the Hecatomnus Hoard (CH V, 17; CH VIII, 96; and CH IX, 387)"
The coin was also "offered" by the same auction house in September 2015: https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=2642647


"Satraps of Karia, Hekatomnos AR Tetradrachm. Mylasa, circa 380 BC. Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys in right hand, left hand on staff set on ground to right / Lion at bay right; [EKAT]O[MNΩ] above; all within incuse square. Hecatomnus 16 (A3/P8) = Sunrise 76 (this coin); Konuk, Identities 15; Karl 3; Traité II 82. 14.78g, 24mm, 8h.
About Extremely Fine. An exceptional example of this type, of which this is the finest example offered at auction in the past fifteen years. Rare.
Ex Christie's New York, 2 May 1989, lot 702;
Ex Kovacs XI, 21 November 1988, lot 102;
Ex Empire Coins FPL 42 (undated), no. 27;
Ex Sternberg VIII, 16 November 1978, lot 126;
From the Hecatomnus Hoard, c.1977 (CH V, 17; CH VIII, 96; and CH IX, 387)."

This coin is coming up in a Nomos auction: http://www.coinarchives.com/a/lotviewer.php?LotID=941805&AucID=1810&Lot=506&Val=0251ac5879b6aa5f4a90a3d625f0e728



" GREEK COINS
IONIA

Ephesos. Circa 405-390 BC. Tetradrachm (Silver, 21mm, 14.79 g 12), Namertes, magistrate. E - Φ Bee with curved wings. Rev. NAMEPTHΣ Forepart of stag right, head left; to left, palm tree . Kinns 49c (this coin). SNG Copenhagen -. SNG München - SNG von Aulock -. An attractive coin with light golden toning. Struck on a somewhat short flan, otherwie, extremely fine.

From a Swiss collection, ex SKA Monetarium FPL 53, Spring 1990, 85, Rauch 43, 5 June 1989, 360 and from the Hekatomnos Hoard of 1977.."

Obviously a lot more work needs to be done to identify these coins, and if anyone is interested in taking on this project, please drop me a line. So far, after years of asking, dealers have been reluctant to help, neither to locate the coins nor to clarify whether their catalogues are referencing their coins as similar to items in or from the hoard.

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https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=874922


"KOS
Tetradrachmon, 390-380. Kopf des bärtigen Herakles mit Löwenfell n. l. Rv. KWIWN Krabbe, unten Keule, darunter [PERSIAS]; das Ganze in einem Perlleistenquadrat. 14,82 g. Hecatomnus Hoard 131, 19b (dieses Exemplar, abgeb. Tf. 18, 19b). IW 147, 2720. Selten. Ovaler Schrötling. Rv. teilweise leicht korrodiert.
Av. Gutes sehr schön. Rv. Sehr schön Aus dem Hekatomnos Fund 1977 (CH IX, 95ff.), sowie aus den Auktionen Classical Numismatic Group Ltd., Lancaster 63 (2003), 555 und 69 (2005), 457."
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https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=926223

"SATRAPS OF CARIA. Hekatomnos, 392/1-377/6 B.C. AR Tetradrachm. Very Fine
AR Tetradrachm. Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys and lotus-tipped scepter. Rv. Roaring lion crouching right within circular incuse. 14.68 grams. K. Konuk, "The Hecatomnus Hoard: Hecatomnus (c. 392-377 B.C.)," CH IX, 50 (A6/P21, this coin). SNG Keckman -. SNG Kayhan 868-9. SNG von Aulock 2354. SNG Copenhagen -. Corrosion on obverse. Very Fine. (500-600)"

NB this information is confusing as the Hectomnus Hoard was CH 5 (CH 9 = the Pixodarus Hoard), but many of the former were published in the volume of the latter (so will tend to be included amongst the Pixodarus Hoard info unless additional details were provided by the seller).

---------

https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=1399293


"Hekatomnos, 395-377 . Tetradrachmon. Zeus Labraundos im Mantel n. r., in der Linken Szepter, mit der Rechten Labrys schulternd. Rv. EKATOMNW Löwe geduckt n. r. 14,82 g. SNG von Aulock 2354. Hecatomnus Hoard 127, 63 (Rv. stgl.). Selten . Dicker, knapper Schrötling. Rv. leicht dezentriert.Gutes sehr schön"

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https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=1562311

 "IONIEN
EPHESOS
Tridrachme. 394-387. Der kindliche Herakles erwürgt Schlangen. Rs: Biene. SNG COP. -. SNG v. Aulock 7821. 10.43g. Rs. hohes Relief. Dunkle Tönung.
RR ss Ex Slg. RAJ. Aus dem Hekatomnos-Hortfund (CH V,17, CH VIII,96 und CH IX, 387). Die Vs. zeigt das Kind Herakles, das die Schlangen erwürgt, die die eifersüchtige Hera in Unterschätzung seiner Kräfte geschickt hatte. Die Darstellung wird mit dem Seesieg des Konon und Pharnabazos über die spartanische Flotte bei Knidos im Jahr 394 v. Chr. in Zusammenhang gebracht; gesichert ist diese Deutung allerdings nicht. In jedem Fall gehören diese Stücke aber zu den Prägungen der Symmachie, die Epheos mit Byzantion, Kyzikos, Knidos, Samos und Iasos verband; auch die entsprechenden Münzen dieser Städte zeigen den schlangenwürgenden Herakles auf der Vs."
--------------

 https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=1618720

"HEKATOMNOS, 395-377
Tetradrachmon. Zeus Labraundos im Mantel n. r., in der Linken Szepter, mit der Rechten Labrys schulternd. Rv. EKATOMNΩ Löwe geduckt n. r. 14,50 g. SNG von Aulock 2354. Hecatomnus Hoard 125, 1ff. Selten . Getönt. Dicker, tropfenförmiger Schrötling.
Gutes sehr schön"
-------------------
https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=2312277


"SATRAPS of CARIA. Hekatomnos. Circa 392/1-377/6 BC. AR Tetradrachm (24mm, 14.78 g, 8h). Mylasa mint. Struck circa 380 BC. Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys in right hand, left hand on staff set on ground to right / Lion at bay right; [EKAT]O[MNΩ] above; all within incuse square. Hecatomnus 16 (A3/P8) = Sunrise 76 (this coin); Konuk, Identities 15; Karl 3; Traité II 82. Near EF, lightly toned, faint cleaning marks on obverse. Rare.
From the Sunrise Collection. Ex Christie’s New York (2 May 1989), lot 702; Kovacs XI (21 November 1988), lot 102; Empire Coins FPL 42 (undated), no. 27; Sternberg VIII (16 November 1978), lot 126; Hecatomnus Hoard ( CH V, 17; CH VIII, 96; and CH IX, 387)."

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https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=338860

"HEKATOMNOS (ca. 395 - 377 v.Chr.)
No.: 1
Schätzpreis-Estimate: EUR 1000,-
d=25 mm
Tetradrachmon, Mylasa. Zeus Labraundos mit geschulterter Doppelaxt in der Rechten und Lanze in der Linken nach rechts stehend. Rs: EKATOM[NW]. Löwe nach rechts stehend und dabei zum Sprung ansetzend. CH IX (2002), S. 126 und Taf. 14, 15 (A 3/P 8; dieses Exemplar). 14,84g. St. 8. Leicht getönt, Vs. Korrosionsspuren, sehr schön/fast vorzüglich.
Aus dem "Hecatomnus Hoard" und aus Numismatic Fine Arts, Auktion 14. Dezember 1989 (New York), Nr. 590."
 --------------

 Numismatik Lanz München on 27 November 2006: https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=338862




 "HEKATOMNOS (ca. 395 - 377 v.Chr.)
No.: 3
Schätzpreis-Estimate: EUR 300,-
d=24 mm
Tetradrachmon, Mylasa. Zeus Labraundos mit geschulterter Doppelaxt in der Rechten und Lanze in der Linken nach rechts stehend. Rs: [EKATOMNW]. Löwe nach rechts stehend und dabei zum Sprung ansetzend. CH IX (2002), S. 125 und Taf. 14, 3 (A 1/P 1; dieses Exemplar). 14,12g. St. 12. Fast sehr schön.
Aus dem "Hecatomnus Hoard" und aus G. Hirsch Nachf., Auktion 178 (12.-14. Mai 1993), Nr. 402."
The same coin "offered" by Hess Divo on the same date (27. November 2006): https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=338862

"HEKATOMNOS (ca. 395 - 377 v.Chr.)
No.: 3
Schätzpreis-Estimate: EUR 300,-
d=24 mm
Tetradrachmon, Mylasa. Zeus Labraundos mit geschulterter Doppelaxt in der Rechten und Lanze in der Linken nach rechts stehend. Rs: [EKATOMNW]. Löwe nach rechts stehend und dabei zum Sprung ansetzend. CH IX (2002), S. 125 und Taf. 14, 3 (A 1/P 1; dieses Exemplar). 14,12g. St. 12. Fast sehr schön.
Aus dem "Hecatomnus Hoard" und aus G. Hirsch Nachf., Auktion 178 (12.-14. Mai 1993), Nr. 402."

------------------
https://www.acsearch.info/search.html?id=711311


"SATRAPS OF CARIA. Hekatomnos, 392/1-377/6 B.C.
AR Tetradrachm. Zeus Labraundos standing right, holding labrys over shoulder and spear. Rv. Lion crouching right. 14.44 grams. K. Konuk, "The Hecatomnus Hoard: Hecatomnus," CH IX 54-5 (A6/P23). SNG Keckman -. SNG Kayhan 868-9. Typical rough surfaces. Toned. Very Fine. (500-600)"
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